Three Bin GO

Let’s GO!

The City is thrilled to announce that we will be implementing a three bin Garden Organics (GO) System in our beautiful City. This is part of our ongoing commitment to sustainability, environmental conservation, and effective waste management.

The three bin GO system aims to further reduce waste going to landfill and promote the recycling and repurposing of garden organics.

What is a Three Bin GO System?

The three bin GO system includes a dedicated bin for Garden Organics. This is an addition to the waste and recycling service you already receive.

Bin Lid Colour

Size

Bin Purpose

Collection Frequency

240L

Turns garden organics into compost. Compost can be used to improve our soils and the environment.

Fortnightly

Week 1

Yellow - Recyclables

360L or 240L

Recycles paper, cardboard, cans, hard plastic and glass. Recycled items become valuable materials that can be used to produce new products.

Fortnightly

Week 2

140L

Waste that cannot be composted or recycled should be placed in general waste bin. This should be your last resort. 

Weekly

Why a Garden Organics Bin?

Garden organics, including garden trimmings, grass clippings, leaves, and branches, forms over a third of waste in kerbside waste bins. By diverting this waste from the general waste bin and turning it into compost, we can contribute to a circular economy and help create a more sustainable future for our community.

By separating your garden organics, you are helping to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfill, which has numerous benefits, including:

  • Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from decomposing organic waste in landfill.
  • Production of nutrient-rich compost that improves soil health.
  • Conservation of landfill space and associated costs.
  • Consistency with neighbouring councils.

In addition to the above benefits, other key reasons for the introduction of the Garden Organics Bin include:

  • Transitional alignment to the WA Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Strategy 2030.
  • High community demand for an organics bin.
  • Increased material recovery rates.
  • Better value for money compared to other options.
  • Lower risk compared to other options.

View the Three Bin Feasibility Assessment Report

When are we Changing?

The City will be rolling out the GO bin in the 2024/25 financial year.

As soon as dates are set, the City will notify all residents through a range of methods, including direct mail, social and print media.

How it Works

A 240L GO bin will automatically be given to all residential properties over 350m2 as they typically have larger gardens. 

If you’re on a smaller property or you are a commercial business you can opt in at any time to the three bin GO system.

Bin Distribution: If you have an old bin, your current 240L dark green lidded bin will be removed and replaced with:

Your current dark green lidded bin will be removed and recycled, turning your old bin into new bins to be used in the future. 

If you are in a new area and have a new bin you will: 

  • Receive a new lime green lid on your general waste bin, turning your current general waste bin into a garden organics bin, and 
  • Receive 1 new 140L red lidded, black bodied bin for general waste.

Collection Schedule

The GO bin will be collected fortnightly on the opposite week to the recycling bin.

What Goes in the GO Bin

The green bin is exclusively for garden organics, including:

  • Weeds
  • Garden clippings
  • Twigs and sticks
  • Pruning, cuttings and trimmings
  • Palm fronds
  • Leaves etc. 

Please avoid placing plastic bags, food waste, pet waste, treated timber, or any other non-garden organic materials into the green bin.

The contents will be sent to a composting facility where it will be processed into organic compost for use on farms, parks, and gardens.

To find a detailed list on what to do with your waste visit Recycle Right.

Bin Placement

On collection days, please place your bins at least 1.5m of your kerb and at least 50cm from your other bin. Ensure all lids are closed and the bin is easily accessible for collection, clear from trees, cars, power poles, letterboxes etc. 

Other Changes to your Waste Service

Changes to General Waste Bin

As soon as Kwinana Waste to Energy Plant, Avertas Energy, is operational, the City will no longer be sending waste to landfill as landfill should be the last resort. The City will be sending all general waste to Energy from Waste (EfW). 

You will also notice that your general waste bin lid is now red and a smaller size. This is to align with the state government strategy to ensure that everyone can easily distinguish what bin is a general waste bin by its bright red colour lid.

Bin Body Colour

In 2023, the City will convert our bins over to recycled body bins. This means bin bodies are now made of 100% recycled plastic! Recycled plastic bins are black instead of dark green. Together we are working towards a more sustainable future.

Get Involved!

The success of the GO bin system depends on the active participation of our community. Here's how you can get involved:

  1. Stay informed by subscribing to updates through Love My Kwinana Go page.
  2. Educate Yourself: Familiarise yourself with the guidelines for separating garden organics. We will provide educational resources, such as brochures and online materials, to help you understand the system and make the most of it.
  3. Spread the Word: Share the news about the GO bin system with your neighbours, friends, and family. Encourage them to participate and make a positive impact on our environment.

Together, we can make a difference!

The City of Kwinana is dedicated to promoting sustainable practices and protecting our environment. By implementing the GO bin system, we are taking another step towards a greener future. 

Join us in this exciting initiative and let's create a cleaner, healthier, and more sustainable community for generations to come. Visit Love My Kwinana Go page to register to make sure you stay up to date.

What can I put in each bin?

Garden organics bin (lime green lid)

Your GO bin is for garden organics such as:

  • Weeds
  • Garden clippings
  • Twigs and sticks
  • Pruning, cuttings and trimmings
  • Palm fronds
  • Leaves etc.

The contents will be sent to a composting facility where it will be processed into compost for use on farms, parks, and gardens.

Food waste is not acceptable in the GO bin.

To find a detailed list on what to do with your waste visit Recycle Right. 

Palm Fronds Leaves Garden Clippings Twigs and Sticks Pruning, Cuttings and trimmings Weeds

Recycling bin (yellow lid)

Your recycling bin is for recyclables such as:

  • Aluminium cans
  • Steel cans
  • Cardboard - boxes, egg cartons and inner tubes from toilet roll and paper towel, milk/juice cartons (not silver lined UHT long life cartons)
  • Paper - newspaper, paper bags, computer paper, envelopes, magazines, junk mail, paper wrapping paper (not shredded paper)
  • Plastic bottles and containers without lids (no polystyrene foam or meat trays)
  • Glass - bottles and jars (remove lids, metal lids go in recycling bin – place them in a steel can and pinch it together)

All items should be empty, rinsed, and dry. Remove lids and place in the bin loose (small lids to be placed in waste bin). Do not place recyclables in bags.

The contents of this bin are sent to a Materials Recovery Facility where they are separated, baled, and sent to manufacturers to be recycled into new products. To see inside the Bibra Lake’s Material Recovery Facility (MRF), check out Veolia’s online tour.

The City highly encourages residents to participate in the WA Containers for Change program that refunds ten cents for approved recyclable containers. For more information go to https://www.containersforchange.com.au/wa.

General waste bin (red lid)

Your general waste bin should always be a last resort. This bin is for:

  • Non-recyclable general waste
  • Food scraps
  • Items contaminated with food, such as paper towels, serviettes, tissues, paper plates, soiled pizza boxes and fish and chip paper
  • Nappies/ sanitary items
  • Shredded paper
  • Clothing that cannot be sent to charity
  • Soft plastics
  • Cigarette butts

The contents of this bin will be sent to the Kwinana Waste to Energy Plant, Avertas Energy, where your waste will be converted into energy as soon as Plant is operational.

Items that cannot be placed in any kerbside bin

Some items should not be place into any of your bins, including:

  • Batteries (car or household)
  • Fluorescent tubes or CFL’s (compact fluorescent lamps)
  • Electronic equipment (E-Waste)
  • Aerosol cans
  • Gas cylinders
  • Hot or burning ashes
  • Oils or poisons
  • Acid or hazardous waste
  • Sand, bricks, mortar, concrete
  • Large, heavy, sharp objects
  • Asbestos
  • Motor vehicle parts, tyres, oil filters
  • Pathological or cytotoxic waste
  • Medical waste

These items should be taken to an appropriate waste disposal Facility. Fees may apply.

To find a detailed list on what to do with your waste visit Recycle Right.

Will my collection area/ day change?

The City, alongside our waste collection contractor Veolia, will assess all areas to see if we can service our community more efficiently with the introduction of the GO bin. If there are changes to your collection area, you will be notified prior to the GO bin being rolled out in 2024/25. Visit www.lovemykwinana.com/threebin and register to make sure you stay up to date.

How much will the third bin cost me?

There will be an increased charge on top of your existing Waste Service charge. Current calculations anticipate the increase to be approximately $22 per annum to your annual rates notice for the annual service cost, in addition to the cost of the initial roll-out of the new bins.

The waste service charge for the year is $353 which includes:

  • 52 waste collections
  • 26 recycling collections
  • 2 bulk waste collections
  • 3 green waste collections
  • Annual waste and recycling guide and communications throughout the year

Following the introduction of the GO bin in 2024/25 you will also receive 26 GO collections from your third bin.

With the introduction of the GO bin, your total weekly bin capacity increases by 20L.

We will continue to work hard to ensure we provide you the best value for money for your waste service.

Do all properties receive a third bin?

The lime green lidded 240L GO bin will automatically be given to all residential properties over 350m2 as they typically have larger gardens - commercial properties and multi-unit dwellings/ apartments will not be included for this reason.

If you’re on a smaller property or you are a commercial business you can opt in at any time. The City will provide details on how to opt into this service ahead of the GO bin roll-out. Visit www.lovemykwinana.com/threebin and register to make sure you stay up to date.

I don’t have a garden or I compost at home, can I opt out of this service?

We encourage you to give GO a go before choosing to opt out. This will allow you the chance to see if this service works for you before cancelling this service. You can opt out of this service after the roll out has concluded. Choosing to opt out will result in a loss of 20L bin capacity.

Can I order additional bin(s)?

Yes, you can. Additional bins can be provided by the City at additional cost. See the Council Fees and Charges on our website for detailed information on all waste related costs, including additional bins. Once requested, a pro-rata cost will be automatically added to your rates notice.

If you have a 240L recycling bin, you can upgrade to a larger 360L bin for free.

To order an additional bin, or to upgrade your recycling bin for free, contact our contractor Veolia on 1300 293 955.

You must be the property owner to order an additional bin.

Tenants must get written approval from the property owner or property manager to request an additional service as additional charges apply.

The smaller general waste bin (red lidded) when we change to 3 bin will not be big enough.

Currently, over a third of waste bin content in Kwinana is Garden Organics. This content will move out of your general waste bin into the GO bin if separated correctly. The 3 bin GO systems increases total bin capacity each week by 20L.

If you find you require additional bin space for waste, recycling or garden organics, you can choose to order additional bins from the City, at additional cost. See Council Fees and Charges on our website for detailed information on all waste related costs, including additional bins. Once requested, these costs will be automatically added to your rates notice.

To order an additional bin, or to upgrade your recycling bin for free, contact our contractor Veolia on 1300 293 955.

You must be the property owner to order an additional bin.

Tenants must get written approval from the property owner or property manager to request an additional service as additional charges apply.

If you misuse your bins, such as placing general waste in your GO or recycling bin, you may receive an infringement up to $350 in accordance with the Citys Waste Local Law and may also have your recycling and GO service removed if you repeatedly contaminate them.

If you’re unsure how to use your bin, visit Recycle Right or contact our contractor Veolia on 1300 293 955.

Does this affect our verge collections? Do green waste collections change?

With the decision to introduce a GO bin in 2024/25, the current verge collection service will be reviewed to ensure the City provides the most efficient verge collection service for the Kwinana community’s needs going forward. Any resulting proposal to change the verge collection service will be widely communicated to residents ahead of any changes being implemented. Visit www.lovemykwinana.com/threebin and register to make sure you stay up to date.

Can I get mulch or compost?

The compost created from the collection of Kwinana’s GO bin material is processed on a commercial scale. While there is no ability to sell this material directly back to residents from the processor, the material does end up in widely available compost products sold by a range of retailers throughout the Perth metro area.

The City will be exploring options to potentially provide compost to our residents. Visit www.lovemykwinana.com/threebin and register to make sure you stay up to date.

What is Energy from Waste (EfW) and why will the City be using it?

Energy from Waste (EfW) is a process where residual waste is thermally treated to generate and produce electricity, significantly reducing CO2 emissions compared to landfilling waste and using fossil fuels to generate electricity.

The City’s general waste bin material will be delivered to Avertas Energy in Naval Base. This facility will produce 36MW of baseload electricity to the Southwest Interconnected System electricity grid. This is the equivalent of taking 85,000 cars off Perth’s roads, powering 50,000 Perth households every year.

Avertas Energy located in Kwinana will not only process residential waste for energy recovery, but it will also produce ash by-products which are used internationally for construction materials, recovering over 6,000 tonnes per year of recyclable metals not normally recovered by other means. Metallic materials from the waste feed will be recovered and recycled, while other by-products will be sorted out for reuse as construction materials.

What happens if I do not use these bins correctly? What if my tenant places the wrong thing in the GO bin?

If you misuse your bins, such as placing general waste in your GO or recycling bin, you may receive an infringement up to $350 in accordance with the Citys Waste Local Law and may also have your recycling and GO service removed if you repeatedly contaminate them.

The City’s emphasis is on educating the community. City officers will aim to give verbal or written advice about better practices rather than fines. Fines will generally only be given when repeated advice is not acted upon, or when dangerous/hazardous goods are placed out for collection that creates an unacceptable level of risk. We highly encourage you to reach out to us for support if needed.

Together we can be part of a greater community movement to manage waste in a more sustainable manner, improving resource recovery and protecting expensive infrastructure, people and our environment. 

If you’re unsure how to use your bin, visit Recycle Right or contact our contractor Veolia on 1300 293 955.

Did you consult residents about this change and how did you engage with us?

In October 2022, the City surveyed our community and received 877 responses from passionate residents.

We advertised this survey by sending a flyer to every household within the City advising a survey was live through Love My Kwinana, asking you to be a “Bin-fluencer” and to have your say on your bin system. In addition to this flyer we advertised this survey on numerous occasions in October through print and social media.

Once the survey closed, the City conducted a focus group in November, inviting around 80 survey participants at random to participate in an in depth focus group. The results from this focus group along with the survey results directly influenced the feasibility assessment outcomes.

What were the survey and focus groups findings?

The City asked numerous questions to ensure that we fully understood what you want. We found that:

Bin preference

  • 32% of residents preferred the current two-bin system.

  • 66% of residents would like a third kerbside bin. Out of the 66%:
  • 60% of residents stated they would prefer a FOGO system,
  • 33% of residents would prefer a GO system, and
  • 7% didn’t mind if they went GO or FOGO.

Pro-three bin

  • 84% of residents are willing to pay something toward a three-bin organics service.
  • 16% of residents would like the service but do not want to pay for it.

Against three-bin

  • 30% stated they didn’t want the third bin due to the additional cost.
  • 24% stated they didn’t want a third bin as they already compost at home
Why are we not going FOGO? Will we be going FOGO in the future?

Food Organics and Garden Organics (FOGO) services are still quite new in Western Australia. The City’s Feasibility Assessment found there are still several challenges and risks with this type of service. Critically, there is currently not enough processors or market demand for FOGO material, which means FOGO is very expensive compared to a Garden Organics (GO) system. In Kwinana, we have far more garden organics in our waste bins than food waste, which means there is not a lot of advantage to recovering our food waste for the significant extra cost.

Changing from a 2-bin service to a 3-bin GO service recovers an additional 14% of material at an additional cost of $800,000 per annum. Changing to FOGO would only recover an additional 7% of material but would cost $1.2 million per annum more than GO. The City’s Feasibility Assessment considered a range of factors across cost, environmental, social and governance outcomes, whereby GO demonstrated the best value for money for our community at this time.

The City has not ruled out FOGO all together, but instead has committed to transitioning to GO in 2024/25 and revisiting the feasibility of FOGO by 2029/30. If by this time, the cost-benefit of FOGO has improved to the point that it represents good value for money for the Kwinana community, we will transition to a FOGO system.

Are there incentives for us to composting/earthcycling at home?

Yes! The City highly encourages earthcycling at home as it is beneficial for your garden, carbon footprint and great for growing your own food.

Find out more by visiting Recycling and Waste Reduction. 

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