The City of Kwinana is located in the traditional lands of the Nyoongar people. Important Nyoongar camping, hunting and gathering sites include Sloan’s Reserve, Chalk Hill and The Spectacles. The area surrounding Chalk Hill is part of a trail of fresh water lakes and natural springs running along the greater metropolitan coastal strip. Nyoongar people used the Chalk Hill as a way of signaling their location to others, through the lighting of fires. According to Dreamtime stories, the white chalk found on the hill represents the beards of the elders.
Simon Gentle, a Ballardong man, was the first ever employee of the Kwinana Road Board in the early 1950s. Several Aboriginal families camped at Chalk Hill and Thomas Oval in the 1950s and 1960s. While Aboriginal people were employed by the council and on the industrial strip, they were not initially eligible for state housing. Following campaigning by Kwinana Road Board councillors, the Walley family were amongst the first Aboriginal people in Western Australia to be allocated state housing.
The European settlement of Kwinana goes back to the early days of the Swan River Colony. In 1830, Thomas Peel was allocated a large land grant stretching from Cockburn Sound to the Murray River. Peel brought out around 400 settlers from the United Kingdom and established a settlement at Cockburn Sound. Peel’s settlement soon failed, but some early settlers remained in the Kwinana area.
The next major attempt to settle the Kwinana region was in the 1920s, when the Western Australian Government began bringing out British migrants for the Group and Soldier Settlement Schemes in order to increase primary production in the state. Some of Thomas Peel’s original land was resumed as the Peel Estate Group Settlement in order to establish a dairying industry. However, the scheme was unsuccessful and most of the farms were abandoned by the 1930s.
During World War Two, a secret radar detection station was located at Wellard Road and manned by RAAF and WAAAF personnel.
Kwinana as we know it today has its origins in the early 1950s when the WA Government entered into an agreement with the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (now known as BP) to build an oil refinery and develop Kwinana as an industrial hub. The state government guaranteed it would provide infrastructure and construct state homes to house the refinery workers. Margaret Feilman, Perth’s first female town planner, was engaged to design the new town. The first suburb to be established was Medina.
Two significant developments in the City’s modern history are the construction of the Casuarina Prison, opened in 1991 to replace the now Heritage-listed Fremantle Prison and the extension of the Kwinana Freeway in 1993, which provided vital transport connections between Kwinana suburbs and Perth city. Kwinana became an official Town in 1977 and was proclaimed a City in 2012. It is now home to over 38,000 people from all over the world.
The Kwinana district gets its name from the Steamship Kwinana. The Kwinana was originally the S.S. Darius and was bought in 1912 by the State Government. The residential neighbours in the main townsite of Kwinana were named after the early sailing ships, which brought settlers and others to Western Australia in the early 1800s, such as Medina, Calista and Parmelia. The streets in these neighbourhoods have been given the names of some of the crew and some of the passengers in those early ships. The Reserves and open spaces were similarly titled.
Further reading: Kwinana Third Time Lucky, Laurie Russell, 1979.
Heritage sites and landmarks
The City of Kwinana is proudly home to a unique assortment of heritage sites, buildings, landmarks and a museum which captures the rich history of the region. To find out more about heritage sites in the City, visit the heritage building and museums page.
Local History Collection
The Kwinana Local History Collection collects and preserves information about the people, places and events that have shaped the history of Kwinana. The collection includes books, photographs, oral histories, maps, rate books, council minutes and other items of local interest.
Some of our local history collection is available for loan and is searchable on the library catalogue.
A digitisation program is underway to improve accessibility to the archival collection. Much of this collection can be provided in digital format, but is not yet searchable on the library catalogue. Items that are not yet digitised can be viewed in the library by appointment. Please contact the Local History Officer for more information.
The Local History Collection relies on contributions from our local community to expand our holdings and knowledge. If you have items of interest that you would like to share we would love to hear from you. We will accept photographs, ephemera, research notes, books, letters, diaries, sporting, church and business records related to the City of Kwinana.
It is important to provide as much information as possible about donated items, so that their relevance to the collection and the City can be assessed. Please make an appointment with the Local History Officer to discuss any donations.
If you wish to retain the originals, staff will scan the items and return them to you.
Oral History Program
The Voices of Kwinana oral history program records the memories and experiences of people who have lived, worked or played in Kwinana and surrounding areas.
Current oral histories can be found on the library catalogue and are available as CDs and transcripts for borrowing. Kwinana Public Library’s oral history collection is also available on SoundCloud, so that you can listen from the comfort of your home. Visit the City's SoundCloud account to listen.
We are interested in interviewing people from all backgrounds who have a connection to the City of Kwinana. If you would like to share your story with us, or know someone whose story should be recorded, please contact the Local History Officer.
Volunteering for Local History
Members of the community are encouraged to volunteer their time to assist Local History projects. This can include digitising the collection to improve access, and assisting with research. It's a great way to find out more about your local area, meet new people, and be involved with your local community.
Knowledge of the history of a local area often depends on information provided by local and former residents. Staff are keen to hear from anyone who can provide details or highlight any inaccuracy in our information.
Family History Research
If you are interested in attending a Family History Group please contact the Local History Officer.
Providing advice and assistance to research your family history, the Family History Group meets regularly at the Library and provides free access to Ancestry and FindMyPast databases.
The library provides free access to Ancestry and FindMyPast databases.
Library History Contact
Vanessa Wiggin, the Local History Officer, works Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays 9am until 5pm. Vanessa can help you locate information within the collection and assist with research enquiries. Please contact Vanessa by email.
Kwinana Historical Information
Useful Links for Historical Research
General Australian Resources
Useful Western Australian Resources
Genealogy / Finding People
Heritage Sites and Places